Orienting to sensory stimuli in real-world situations

When looking at sensory studies you can see that most of the lab-based experiments tend to study modality-specific stimuli (e.g., visual, auditory, tactile…). However, if one examines real-world situations from a phenomenological point of view it seems that the world is not divided into modalities like the audition, vision, touch, smell… but as a unit….

α-band oscillations reflect one of the most basic cognitive processes

This week at my research group seminar a colleague presented the following paper: Trends Cogn Sci. 2012 Dec;16(12):606-17. DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2012.10.007. α-band oscillations, attention, and controlled access to stored information. Klimesch W Abstract Alpha-band oscillations are the dominant oscillations in the human brain and recent evidence suggests that they have an inhibitory function. Nonetheless, there is…

The Stroop effect: experience it by yourself

In the book that I’m currently reading (“Chronometric explorations of mind” by Micheal Posner) I read about the Stroop task and I thought about sharing here what is the task together with a few thoughts. For those who don’t know, the Stroop task is a classic psychology experiment with a great piece of supporting evidence starting…

Orienting of attention

Today I’ve crossed paths with this article by Micheal Posner on Orienting of Attention (O of A): Q J Exp Psychol (Hove). 2016 Oct; 69(10):1864-75. DOI: 10.1080/17470218.2014.937446. Epub 2014 Aug 30. Orienting of attention: Then and now. Posner MI In this paper, Posner summarizes the background of the reaction time methods in his original paper (‘Orienting…

The relation between oscillatory activity and predictions in multisensory sequence processing

This week a colleague from my research group send us an interesting paper for us to read that is a little bit related to our research, which is the following: Dynamic Predictions: Oscillatory Mechanisms Underlying Multisensory Sequence Processing Peng Wang, Alexander Maye, Jonathan Daume, Gui Xue, Andreas K. Engel DOI: https://doi.org/10.1101/778969 In this study, Wang et al. used an audio-visual experimental design to investigate how…

Is working memory closely related to attention?

This week at my research group seminar we’ve discussed the following paper about how attention is closely linked to working memory, which is related to another post about a Taxonomy of Attention that I wrote a year ago based on the paper by Chen et al. (2011): J Cogn. 2019; 2(1): 36. Published online 2019 Aug…

A taxonomy of attention

In 1890, William James famously declared in The Principles of Psychology that “Everyone knows what attention is”. Attention has become a catch-all term for how the brain processes its own information, and its effects can be measured through behaviors, electrophysiology, and brain imaging methods. However, attention is so ubiquitous and has such multiple forms that it is…